A Case of the Mondays: Brenda Spencer and the Cleveland Elementary School Shooting

Brenda Spencer on October 1, 1979 after pleading guilty to her crimes | Courtesy of Bing Images

“Ugh, it’s Monday” are the words that usually follow the arrival of the most dreaded day of the week. The sighs floating in the air are palpable and nothing seems possible. Mondays always carry with them a negative connotation and contain components such as depression, fatigue, and anguish. But to a San Diego elementary school, and to a troubled sixteen year old, Monday, January 29, 1979 held an even more distressing meaning.

Brenda Spencer’s home, from which she made her shots at the elementary school (taken in 2008) | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Students at Grover Cleveland Elementary School, located in San Diego, California, began what they believed would be a normal Monday morning like any other, with bells ringing and students racing to their classes. Little did they know, however, that across the street, sixteen-year-old Brenda Ann Spencer was aiming her .22 caliber semiautomatic rifle right at society’s ultimate refuge, the elementary school, and its surroundings. After the first bell rang, Brenda broke the panels on the front door of her home, which was located right across the street from the elementary school. And she began to fire. The school’s principal, Burton Wragg, while rushing outside, was hit on the shoulder and chest with Spencer’s bullets and eventually died. Michael Suchar, the school’s custodian, ran outside with a blanket in order to cover Wragg and keep him from going into shock, but he quickly became the second victim of Spencer’s shooting and lost his life. In between all the chaos, 28 year old Robert Robb, a recent graduate of the police academy, while examining Wragg’s and Suchar’s bodies, was shot under his right shoulder blade.1 He would go on to survive though, along with the eight other children who were wounded in the incident. At least three of those children had abdominal wounds. A nine-year-old student, Cam Miller, was struck in the back with a bullet that exited through his chest without hitting any internal organs. Another, Christy Buell, was shot through her abdomen and in the buttocks, and had to undergo surgery in order to repair her intestine.2

When Gus Stevens, a reporter for the San Diego Evening Tribune, began calling around the area to gain more information about the shooting, he coincidentally placed a call to Spencer’s home where she gave him exactly what he wanted. She described the shooter, a sixteen year old, and the shooter’s address. When Stevens realized that she gave him her own address, he recognized what was going on and requested an interview while another staff member informed the police of the situation. The police, now aware of where the shots were coming from, were able evacuate the children and obstruct Spencer’s line of sight while trying to negotiate with her. After several hours, Brenda Spencer surrendered her weapon and several rounds of ammunition, and was subsequently arrested. While on the phone with Stevens, Spencer had stated that she was just shooting for the “fun of it.” She went on to say that she just didn’t like Mondays and did this “because it’s a way to cheer up the day.”3

Brenda Spencer’s Mugshot taken in 1996 | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Contrary to her initial claim, she later went on to state in her 2001 parole hearing that she had been “sexually abused by [her] father” and was “waiting for the cops to show up so they could shoot [her].”4 This new information has fueled many more theories today about Brenda Spencer’s true motives in committing such a crime. During her pretrial psychological testing, an injury to Spencer’s temporal lobe came to light. Spencer has also stated in a letter from prison that she experiences “grand mal seizures” that she has to counteract with medications.5 Such a brain injury would definitely be a precursor to epilepsy, which is two to four times more common among violent offenders than the public.6 The lack of treatment she received for this disease, to some, proves the neglect that she experienced from her family and in her childhood. Psychologist Jonathan Fast introduces the idea that her brain injury, abuse, and the effects of it pushed her to her final actions. He believes that the shame, ridicule, inferiority, and powerlessness that she felt encouraged her to go as far as she did. In another letter she wrote in prison, she stated that her “father had done everything a person could do to another person. The beatings, the touching, the emotional abuse.” She went on to state that no one, not teachers or counselors, gave her assistance through this, so she simply thought that this was how the world and how life worked. When her father gifted her the .22 caliber rifle, she thought that he was finally telling her to do it: to take her life successfully, unlike her past suicide attempts, and leave the world forever.7

Whether these theories are true or not, Brenda Spencer was tried as an adult and pleaded guilty to two counts of murder and nine counts of assault. She was sentenced to twenty-five years to life in prison, and is still serving her sentence at the California Institute for Women. The shooting has inspired a song by the Boomtown Rats called “I Don’t Like Mondays,” and has also gained other media coverage through a documentary.8 Her action went down in history as the first high profile school shooting and has become a vanguard to many future, unimaginable school situations and violent outbreaks. Whether Spencer was a cold-hearted killer or a truly lost and confused soul that simply wanted an escape, it is undeniable that her horrible actions have had some frightening consequences in our modern world.

  1. Jonathan Fast, Ceremonial Violence (New York: The Overlook Press, 2008), 25, 70-71.
  2. Tamara Jones, “Look Back in Sorrow,” Good Housekeeping 227, no.5 (November 1998): 118.
  3. Jonathan Fast, “Unforgiven and Alone: Brenda Spencer and Secret Shame,” in School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, And Concepts For Prevention, ed. Nils Böckler (New York: Springer, 2013), 253-255.
  4. Debra Sevey, “Subsequent Parole Consideration Hearing of Brenda Spencer,” (Capitol Electronic Reporting, 2001), 15-16.
  5. Jennifer Furio, Letters From Prison: Voices Of Women Murderers (New York: Algora Pub., 2001), 134.
  6. Jonathan Fast, ” Unforgiven and Alone: Brenda Spencer and Secret Shame,” in School Shootings: International Research, Case Studies, And Concepts For Prevention, ed. Nils Böckler (New York: Springer, 2013), 251.
  7. Jennifer Furio, Letters From Prison: Voices Of Women Murderers (New York: Algora Pub., 2001), 134-135.
  8. Encyclopedia of School Crime and Violence, September 2011, s.v. “Brenda Spencer,” by Laura L. Finley.
A Case of the Mondays: Brenda Spencer and the Cleveland Elementary School Shooting
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  • The opening to this article was really attention grabbing! I had never heard of this shooting but the shooters responses got me livid. Its so sad that these poor children, staff and their families were put through these horrific acts for the “fun of it”. its interesting that they found something wrong with her brain and diagnosed her with mental health issues. Unfortunately these mental health issues weren’t caught early enough and this horrific event took place…

  • Interesting article! Its disturbing to think that someone would be willing to shoot a gun at a bunch of elementary school kids. I believe that its absolutely disgusting that Spencer was able to willingly aim and shoot a bunch of innocent children. Overall this article was interesting to read even with the disturbing topic. Overall I really enjoyed reading this article and feel that its is very relevant to todays climate.

  • It’s really sickening and painful to hear these stories about school shootings. I can’t imagine what the families of these victims must feel and have to through. This article definitely has a relative topic as of today, as school shootings continue to happen, so I think this article and anything else that could lead to discussing these tragedies and raising awareness of them and what causes them is extremely important, because a stop must be made to these devastations. People who are mentally ill have certainly been a focus of a cause of these events, as this article also describes a girl who seems to have some mental illness as her motive seemed very naïve.

  • What i don’t understand is how this girl could murder innocent people just for fun. What i think is crazy is she only get 25 years in prison for killing two people. She ruined the families life, and thats all she gets. Just like every shooting there are red flags about the individual, ad the individual can do any crime. Therefore its not the guns fault, but people with severe problems in the head.

  • This girl had tons of red flags about her and no one picked up on them. She was doing this just because she hates Mondays? It is sad that we are still having school shootings and nothing has been done. This article was very clear on the details of the story and the picture of her in her chains was really beneficial to the article. This article was very enjoyable and fun to read.

  • Shootings are becoming far too common nowadays and it is terrible. But even in the past, there have been signs to give away that someone might be mentally disturbed in some way, shape, or form. This article was written with a good tone and rhythm to it and I genuinely enjoyed it. Spencer is not as well known as the Columbine guys but she should be. One thing that really interests me about her is why did she give herself away? had she gotten bored with the act?

  • This story is incredibly captivating. At the time, it gained so much attention nationwide due to the fact that school shootings weren’t as prominent as they are now. Now, shootings are so abundant. It’s a shame that since then, so many shootings at schools, and even churches, have occured and people still haven’t done anything about any sort of gun control.

  • It is sad that with all the red places and signs given off by her, that nobody bothered to realize them. I was surprised to learn that the shooter was a female as that’s not very common. Any shooting is sad to read about, but I’ve never learned or knew about this one prior to reading the article. It is well written and decribes the horror that happened at this event. I enjoyed this article very much and learned a lot from it. Thank you.

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