Twenty Years Later: JonBenet’s Unsolved Murder Case

6 Year Old JonBenet Ramsey | Courtesy of

Winner of the Fall 2017 StMU History Media Award for

Most Captivating & Engaging Article

Two decades ago, on December 26, 1996, JonBenet Ramsey was found murdered in the basement of her home in Boulder, Colorado. Since the date of her murder, the crime is still unsolved. According to a detective who worked on the case, this murder case was, “one of the most perplexing and notorious murders of the decade.”1 This Christmas will mark the 21st year since the death of this poor little girl, and she deserves finally to rest in peace.

On the morning of December 26, Patricia Ramsey woke up to find a ransom note asking for $118,000 in ransom for her precious daughter JonBenet. As soon as she found the note, she called the Boulder Colorado Police Department to report JonBenet missing. When the police arrived at the Ramsey home, they conducted a search, and JonBenet’s father John found her deceased body in the basement of the home. When they found her, her skull had been beaten into, she had been strangled with a cord, and she had been sexually assaulted. The official cause of death was asphyxia by strangulation and the death was deemed a homicide.2

At the time of JonBenet’s murder, forensics weren’t as accurate as they are today, so the detectives on the case had a hard time finding a clear suspect.3 In this case, many people were questioned and put on the suspect list, including JonBenet’s own family members. There were several theories for who could have done such a terrible thing, and one of those theories was that Patricia and John Ramsey, JonBenet’s parents, were somehow involved in their own daughter’s murder.

John and Patricia Ramsey discussing information of their daughter’s death during a press conference | Courtesy of

The evidence found in this terrible murder case was early thought to be incriminating evidence against the Ramsey’s. The first piece of incriminating evidence was the ransom note itself, found in the Ramsey household. In the ransom note, the “kidnapper” asked for $118,000 in ransom for JonBenet. This amount is close to the amount of John Ramsey’s Christmas bonus of that year. The second fact about the ransom note is that it was written using pen and paper from inside the house, leading to the conclusion that JonBenet was killed only after the ransom note had been written. All of this must have been done while the rest of the Ramsey family was fast asleep. Many things were found suspicious in the ransom note. Many words were misspelled but they weren’t difficult words to spell out. Also, pieces of a practice note were found, causing some to believe that the note was a spoof. Other than the ransom note, detectives were looking for signs of intrusion into the Ramsey home to narrow down the suspect list. The detectives came to find no signs of forced entry as well as no footsteps found in the snow from outside the house. Another piece of evidence was a paintbrush from Patricia Ramsey’s hobby kit that was used to tighten the cord that JonBenet was strangled with.4

Of course, all this evidence does not seem to be in favor of the Ramsey’s, but they were exonerated from the case in 2008.5 While the investigation went on, many tests were done to find JonBenet’s mysterious killer, one of which was a handwriting analysis of John and Patricia Ramsey. The test findings were that John Ramsey was not a match and Patricia Ramsey was found inconclusive.6 Other than the handwriting analysis, DNA was found on JonBenet’s long john pajamas as well as on her underwear. The entire Ramsey family was tested, and no one was a match to the DNA found.7

It’s a relief to know the Ramsey’s were not found to be their daughter’s killer, but there were still many other suspects on the list. Some of these suspects include Bill McReynolds and John Mark Karr. Both of these men were on the suspect list for the murder of JonBenet Ramsey due to strange connections police investigators found. Although neither of these men were ever indicted for the murder of JonBenet Ramsey, there are several theories that connect them to the case.

Bill McReynolds suspect in JonBenet murder case. | Courtesy of Previously.TV

Bill McReynolds was one of the prime suspects due to the connection he had with the Ramsey family. For Christmas parties the Ramsey’s would host, he would dress up as Santa Claus for the kids to enjoy. Because he knew the Ramsey’s and had been inside their house, the investigators on the case decided to obtain more information on this man and any ties he could have to the murder case. He was also looked at as a suspect because John Ramsey had made a statement in police interviews that said McReynolds could be the one behind her death. There was not much evidence found against Bill McReynolds to hold him accountable for the death of JonBenet. However, some still theorize he could have been the killer due to two disconcerting facts. The first fact is that he was said to have a close connection with JonBenet. A neighbor who attended the Christmas parties had said, “The children loved him. It was obvious that JonBenet and Burke loved him a lot.” 8 Other than this, McReynold’s wife supposedly wrote a play in 1974 where in one of the scenes a child was murdered and their body was left in the basement. This was an automatic red flag for people interested in the murder of JonBenet because as stated before, JonBenet Ramsey was found deceased in the basement of her own home. Although these two horrific details make it easy to point the finger, McReynolds had a confirmed alibi the night of JonBenet’s death and was released from the suspect list.

John Mark Karr made a false confession in JonBenet murder case. | Courtesy of Romper

Besides Bill McReynolds, another man was deemed suspicious of being JonBent’s killer. John Mark Karr another suspect of the JonBenet murder case, was not considered a suspect right away. He was not an initial suspect because he had no former ties to the Ramsey family and no DNA evidence was found that could incriminate him. In 2006, John Mark Karr made a confession to killing JonBenet Ramsey. Immediately after this confession Karr was put as the number one suspect in the murder case of JonBenet. On video, Karr is seen saying things like, “I love JonBenet. And she died accidentally.” When asked what happened when JonBenet died, he said, “Her death was an accident.” The most appalling statement heard in this video is, when John Mark Karr is asked if he is an innocent man, his answer was immediately, “No.” After the confession, investigators immediately jumped on Karr and performed many tests to confirm that he in fact was the killer of JonBenet. Although America was wanting justice for this poor little girl and they thought justice was finally going to be served, John Mark Karr’s confession was considered false. Investigators tested the DNA found on JonBenet’s underwear and found that it was not a match to Karr’s DNA. Other than the negative DNA test, police investigators looked into Karr’s location the night of JonBenet’s death. It was found that Karr had not even been in the state of Colorado that night and was instead, several states away in Georgia. This news eliminated John Mark Karr from the suspect list in the murder case of JonBenet Ramsey. This was a tragic moment in the case because, although everyone concerned with the case wanted justice, they would not convict a man who was not guilty especially if that certain man wanted to be guilty of this innocent girl’s murder.9

This case is indeed one of the most “perplexing” cases in American history and it’s a shame we still have not found justice in this case twenty years later. However, recent studies of the DNA found in this case have been looked over by Dr. Henry Lee, a DNA expert, and due to recent findings, the DNA found on JonBenet’s underwear is flawed. These recent findings have reopened the suspect list to the suspects who were counted out because of negative DNA tests. This means that suspects like John and Patricia Ramsey, Bill McReynolds, and John Mark Karr could still possibly be JonBenet’s murderer. Who could it be? Hopefully with newer DNA technology and the right evidence, investigators will find the killer of JonBenet and the justice JonBenet Ramsey is entitled to will be served two decades after her death.

  1. Steve Thomas and Don Davis, JonBenet: inside the Ramsey murder investigation (United States: Pan Macmillan, 2001), 12.
  2. Elizabeth Klaver, Sites of Autopsy in Contemporary Culture (SUNY Press, 2012), 1-2.
  3. Morgan Moffa and Judith Platania, “From Obsession to Confession: A false confession paradigm in the murder of JonBenet Ramsey,” Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice 4, no. 2 (2008): 229.
  4. Tom Berman, Andre Paparella, and Alexa Valienete, “Grand Juror Who Saw Original Evidence in JonBenet Ramsey Case Speaks Out,” ABC News (December 2016).
  5. Carol McKinley, “Ex-DA Opens Up About Why She Cleared the Ramsey Family of JonBenet’s Murder,” ABC News (October 2016).
  6.  Lawrence Schiller, Perfect Murder, Perfect Town (Harper Collins, 1999), 461-462.
  7.  Crime Scene Investigations, 2011, s.v. “DNA and Cold Cases,” by Gail B. Stewart.
  8. Charlotte Wareing, “Did ‘Santa Claus’ kill six-year-old beauty queen?” Mirror, September 2016.
  9. Jessica Golden, “Looking Inside the Mind of John Mark Karr,” ABC News, October 2006.
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  • One of my favorite articles hands down! I enjoyed how the author really grabbed you and made you on the edge of your seat. My favorite thing is unsolved mysteries as it gives me a opportunity to give my opinion and decide if it logical. Very informative as it makes me want to go on youtube and look up more unsolved murders or other crimes. Its sad at the same time that it is unsolved as it leaves the parents in a void. I would definitely not want that and to have to live with that. This article serious makes me wanna do so much more research and learn more.

  • This article is crazy! How could her family be asleep while everything in the basement was going on? I personally think it had something to do with her parents because it’s kind of suspicious that they found that poor girl in her own basement with no sign of forced entering. The only thing that kept her parents out of the suspect list was the DNA, but that was proved to be a mistake. They should go back to her family and check the DNA again because she deserves justice!

  • My eyes were glued to the screen the whole time. Which is weird because the author takes an unusual action of straight out telling us how the story ends and then talks about how we get to that ending. Though, I believe it is because of this different start that the article is so enticing. It is extremely tragic that JonBenet’s murder has gone so long without being solved, but I for one will continue to hope and pray that she will find justice.

  • This article was very well written and kept me interested in the story. It makes me sad that people in this world would even consider taking the life of an innocent young girl like JonBenet Ramsey. I can’t understand what could drive a person to do such a horrible thing and how they could go on living with the fact that they caused so much pain in the lives of others. Sadly, I think there will always be evil in this world, but I wish that no one would have to go through what the Ramsey’s have had to endure.

  • Stories like these always leave me wondering and wanting more, but sadly it tears my heart apart to know that someone could do such a thing. A young girl was sexually assaulted and strangled. The case, two decades later, is still unsolved. It scares me to know that people are out there who kill out of impulse and for no reason. How someone could have no remorse or guilt in their body. The article was very interesting and the first picture caught my attentions because it was a picture of the little girl. The article gave me the shivers.

  • I don’t understand how someone could have killed an innocent girl at such a young age. She had a lot to live for but unfortunately, that was taken from her. It kills me to know that there are people out there that will kill for no reason. Even if they had a reason for it it’s not like the little girl had anything to do with it in my opinion. I hope one day they find justice for this little girl and their family.

  • Two decades is a long time for a case to still be unsolved. The poor little girl had some much life to live yet she died so young. The article on the other hand was really well researched and it flowed really nicely. There was a lot of really interesting detail tat really brought the article together. Hopefully with new technological advancements, this case won’t be unsolved for much longer.

  • Everything about this crime felt like some type of cop/murder based TV show, but the article was able to provide me with all the information I needed in order to fully understand what happened with this murder and its sickening to know that even 20 years later justice hasn’t been served; and knowing that makes me lose any faith I had at all with our justice system.

  • It is heartbreaking to know that a girl was sexually assaulted and strangled so young. Even more, she fell in the hands of someone who got away with her murder. This article, I feel, mastered storytelling because there is so much detail involved about the case. The description of the individual suspects along with the reasoning behind being on the suspect list is very interesting and adds suspense to the article. It also emphasizes how perplexing and difficult the case has been to solve.

  • Wow, this article is sad because justice has not been made to JonBenet Ramsey. I find it interesting that there were so many possible suspects, but things just never seemed to play out and they were found innocent. I also find it bizarre John Mark Karr was attempting to take the blame for the death of JonBenet. It seems like he was not mentally aware of the blame he was putting on himself, especially since he was not even in the same state when the murder occurred. Overall, though the article was sad because of the terrible incident which occurred to JonBenet Ramsey, it was well written and informative. Hopefully, with the advances in DNA technology, JonBenet Ramsey will be given the justice she deserves.

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